On the other end of the Americas, tucked under and alongside the countries of Chile, Uraguay, Paraguay, Brazil and Bolivia, sits the expansive country of Argentina. When I had first heard of Argentina as an adult, I thought to myself, "What continent is that on?" Of course, the person I was speaking to was from there, and eventually became my husband, so you can believe I made it my business to know the location of that particular country! What came as an eventual surprise as I came to know him and his family, the culture of Argentina became a very intruiging topic. It became one I found fascinating to teach--not just because our children are half Argentine (that's like saying you're half 'American', as it is another 'melting pot' there, too), but because the culture has distinction. It has wonderful history, character and qualities no other countries truly share.
If you choose to teach about South America, be sure to linger on the topic of Argentina for a while...you will be glad you did!
When introducing the topic:
• Give the dates in time of the culture studied
• Point out area on a time line you will be focusing to place figures
• Locate Argentina on a world map
HISTORY OF ARGENTINA
1. Location of the countryCustoms:
2. Capitol City - Buenos Airesa) Population3. Topography:
e) Major Exportsa) Andes4. Surrounding countries
b) Iguacu Falls
c) Tierra del Fuego
g) Rivers, etc.
5. Claims to Antarctica
7. Natural Resourcesa) Agriculture
b) Animal & Plant Life
1. Daily LifeArts:
1. Literature- Folk TaleReligious Beliefs:
2. Music- Folk
3. Dance- Tango
1. Majority Roman CatholicHistory:
2. Will share about Missionaries reaching out to tribes within South/Central Americaa) Auca (Ecuador)
b) Brazilian tribes
1. Native Indians included: Araucanian (Mapuche, Huilliche & Picunche) & GuaraniPeople:
2. Founded by Juan Diaz de Solis: 1515-1516
3. Colonization began in 1535 by Spanish Soldier Pedro de Mendoza
1. Melting Pot of Europeans (Mostly Spanish & Italians)Government:
2. Gauchos (cowboys)
3. Mestizos (Spanish/Indian mix)
2. Federal Republic
3. Headed by President Menem
4. The Peron Era
5. The Flag
1. Chucaro: Wild Pony of the PampaVideos:
2. On the Pampas
3. Tales Alive! : Multi-Cultural Folk Tales
4. Library possibilities (general books on Argentina--take what you can get! They are not in abundance)
1. The Mission (Parental discretion is advised--a truly moving story and very worthwhile viewing, however with some mature subject matter that should be viewed by the parent before determining it's use with the children.)Projects Will Include:
2. 1986 World Cup Soccer (final game) - Argentina vs. Germany (or any World Cup Soccer showing Argentina--they were in many!)
(I do not recommend 'Evita', for several reasons, mainly because it romanticises the Peron Era, which was not a political view I happen to agree with. The movie truly 'Hollywoodized' the characters and was not true to the history, besides being an immoral choice and not for young viewers.)
1. Drawing of a poster size map of Argentina with cities and major geographical locations.
2. Diary (tea-stained, burned edges, etc..) on a mission to the tribal areas of South AmericaVocabulary:
3. Creating Costumesa) Gaucho4. Find out translation of 10 words & 5 sentences in Spanish
b) Argentine girl's dress
5. Make a traditional Argentine meal (including alfajores) while listening to the folk music
6. Leather burning
7. What is ‘Yerba Mate’? Finding out the properties of it.
8. If available, find some gourds, hollow them out , dry them, paint them and char the insides.
9. Add timeline figures
10. Create an illustrated chart of facts. Include:a) Founding of the country - who? when? where?
b) Natives of the area
c) Major cities
e) Major Exports
f) Natural Resources
g) The Arts
h) The Language
i) What kind of government? Who is president?
l) Geographical Interests
(Include pictures from the computer encyclopedias for interest)
es•tu•ar•y 1. The part of the wide lower course of a river where its current is met by the tides. 2. An arm of the sea that extends inland to meet the mouth of a river.
con•quest 1. Something, such as territory, acquired by conquering.
col•o•ni•za•tion 1. The act or process of establishing a colony or colonies.
di•verse 1. Differing one from another. 2. Made up of distinct characteristics, qualities, or elements ter•ri•to•ry 1. An area of land; a region.
ter•rain 1. a. An area of land; ground. b. A particular geographic area; a region. 2. The surface features of an area of land; topography
bar•ren 1. Lacking vegetation, especially useful vegetation. 2. A tract of unproductive land, often with a scrubby growth of trees.
ar•id 1. Lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or woody plants.
sub•trop•i•cal 1. Of, relating to, or being the geographic areas next to the Tropics.
(trop•i•cs 1. Hot and humid; torrid.)
in•dig•e•nous 1. Originating and growing or living in an area or environment.
drought 1. A long period of abnormally low rainfall, especially one that badly affects growing or living conditions.
re•sis•tance 1. A force that tends to go opposite.
im•port•ed 1. To bring or carry in from an outside source, especially to bring in (goods or materials) from a foreign country for trade or sale.
pop•u•la•tion 1. A group of persons with a common culture.
me•trop•o•lis 1. A major city, especially the chief city of a country or region.
e•con•o•my 1. Careful, thrifty management of resources, such as money, materials, or labor.
in•dus•try 1. Commercial production and sale of goods. 2. A specific branch of manufacture and trade.
com•mer•cial 1. Of, relating to, or being goods, often unrefined, produced and distributed in large quantities for use by industry. trade 2. The business of buying and selling goods.
em•i•grant 1. A person who has left or been driven from a homeland.
no•mad 1. Having no fixed home; wandering from place to place.
las•so 1. A long rope with a running noose at one end, used especially to catch horses and cattle.
bo•la 1. A rope with weights attached, used especially in South America to catch cattle or game by entangling their legs.
min•strel 1. A musician.
rev•o•lu•tion•ar•y 1. Bringing about or supporting a political or social revolution.
pub•lic 1. Maintained for or used by the people or community. trans•por•ta•tion 1. The movement of something from one place to another.
cur•ren•cy 1. Money in any form when in actual use as a medium of exchange.
fed•er•al 1. Of or relating to a governing or lawmaking body. re•pub•lic1. A political order whose head of state is usually a president. 2. A political order in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who are entitled to vote for officers and representatives responsible to them.
con•gress 1. A formal assembly of representatives, as of various nations, to discuss problems.
prov•ince 1. Areas of a country situated away from the capital or population center.
Questions or Comments?
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